The breeding of horses, cattle, pigs, sheep and goats is ruled by the Animal Breeding Act and the corresponding regulations. The rules and regulations aim especially at the implementation and documentation of breeding and breeding animals and the modalities of performance testing in genetic improvement programmes. Furthermore, the Breeding Act rules the application of biotechnical measures in insemination and embryo transfer.
The responsibility for the implementation of the Breeding Act lies with the Bundeslaender as does the approval and control of the breeding organisations, including breeders’ associations, breeding companies as well as insemination centres and embryo transfer institutes. The breeding programmes and herdbook keeping of the farm animal breeds and their utilisation types which are managed by the breeders’ associations as well as the demarcation of their operating area are all subject to the approval procedure.
The breed umbrella organisations and associations co-ordinate the breeding programmes of the respective breeds. The breeders’ associations most often take over the recommendation of the breed umbrella associations into their articles or herd-books.